Newsroom: A University of Texas Southwestern ophthalmologist shares techniques for cataract surgery complications

US Southwestern ophthalmologist Kishan G. Patel and colleagues current a number of strategies for placement of the secondary intraocular lens in a current article. (Picture credit score: Getty Photos)

DALLAS – January 23, 2023 – Sufferers present process cataract surgical procedure normally have their pure lenses changed with a man-made intraocular lens (IOL). Nonetheless, issues typically come up that require the position of a extra surgically troublesome secondary IOL.

Kishan J Patil, MD

A number of strategies for secondary intraocular lens placement can be found, every with their very own benefits and drawbacks, in line with an ophthalmologist on the College of Southwestern College. Kishan J Patil, MDAssistant Professor at Division of Ophthalmology.

Dr. Patel, who focuses on retinal surgical procedure and sophisticated secondary placement of the lens of the attention, outlined 4 surgical strategies for the process in a current challenge of retina at this time.

“There isn’t a consensus on one of the best approach. The surgeon will resolve the popular technique for a selected affected person based mostly on their particular situation,” stated Dr. Patel, lead creator of the assessment article.

UTSW’s Division of Ophthalmology is among the many prime suppliers of secondary intraocular lenses in North Texas and past. The division is rising as a regional and nationwide useful resource within the placement of secondary IOL and related surgical procedures with extremely educated surgeons, superior gear and the power of surgeons to work collectively on advanced advanced instances when crucial.

Cataracts, a clouding of the usually clear lens within the eye, normally develop within the aged and ultimately result in visible impairment. Cataracts are handled with cataract elimination adopted by intraocular lens placement. If there may be inadequate assist within the eye for a traditional IOL, placement of a secondary IOL could also be crucial.

Secondary lens surgical procedures in sufferers who now not have their pure lenses, or in sufferers who’ve aphakia, a situation through which there isn’t any lens, current challenges. On this article, Dr. Patel and three colleagues present a set of written descriptions and images detailing surgical recommendation for surgeons to assist them reach caring for these sufferers.

For anterior chamber IOLs, or these positioned within the anterior chamber of the attention, the research provides perception into surgical approaches to cut back the chance of visible impairment brought on by surgical procedure, the newest intraocular lens fashions, and extra. The no-sew endotracheal fixation approach entails inserting an intraocular lens inside the sclera, or white layer of the attention, with out the usage of stitches. For this method, the authors advocate the usage of intraocular lenses manufactured from a particular materials and minimal surgical manipulation to keep away from dislocation or motion of the intraocular lens.

For IOLs with sutures on the sclera, Dr. Patel and colleagues describe methods to forestall intraocular lens tilting and keep away from postoperative issues in addition to present steering on most well-liked forms of sutures and different strategies to enhance outcomes. The ultimate approach for putting an intraocular lens entails fixing the lens contained in the iris, the coloured a part of the attention. For this process, the authors advocate the usage of a particular sort of suture and knot and description the maneuver for use for IOL fixation.

“Our assessment provides distinctive strategies to deal with these difficult points,” stated Dr. Patel.

About UT Southwestern Medical Middle

UT Southwestern, one of many nation’s premier tutorial medical facilities, integrates groundbreaking biomedical analysis with distinctive medical care and schooling. The establishment’s school has obtained six Nobel Prizes, and consists of 24 members of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences, 18 members of the Nationwide Academy of Drugs, and 14 investigators of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Our 2,900-plus full-time school are chargeable for groundbreaking medical developments and are dedicated to quickly translating scientific analysis into new medical therapies. UT Southwestern physicians present care in additional than 80 specialties to greater than 100,000 hospitalized sufferers, greater than 360,000 emergency conditions, and oversee almost 4 million outpatient visits yearly.

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